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CMF eZine


The online magazine of the Christian Military Fellowship.


Romans 2:13 - hearing only doesn't get it done

Romans 2:13

"for it is not the hearers of the Law who are just before God, but the doers of the Law will be justified." (NASB)
"For not the hearers of the law are just before God, but the doers of the law shall be justified." (KJV)
"For merely listening to the law doesn't make us right with God.  It is obeying the law that makes us right in His sight." (NLT)
"For it is not those who hear the law who are righteous before God, but those who do the law will be declared righteous." (NET)

Here is the refute for those who are mere possessors of the law.  This sentiment is reflected in James' words: "But don't just listen to God's word. You must do what it says. Otherwise, you are only fooling yourselves" (James 1:22 NLT)  Jesus reminded us of this when He said: "Not everyone who calls out to Me, 'Lord! Lord!' will enter the Kingdom of Heaven.  Only those who actually do the will of My Father in heaven will enter" (Matthew 7:21 NLT)

I suspect that we, like Israel, become fooled into thinking that because we own a Bible, read it, and perhaps even study it, that we have somehow become something!  The reality is that we have merely turned our Bible into a seven-day deodorant pad.  The secret then in Christ in us, "to will and to work for His good pleasure."  It is the "doing" that reveals the attitude of our heart!  Joyful obedience for having been saved from the eternal separation from God that we deserve.

Romans 2:12 - Judged and Destroyed

Romans 2:12

"For all who have sinned without the Law will also perish without the Law, and all who have sinned under the Law will be judged by the Law;" (NASB)

"For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without law: and as many as have sinned in the law shall be judged by the law;" (KJV)

"When the Gentiles sin, they will be destroyed, even though they never had God's written law. And the Jews, who do have God's law, will be judged by that law when they fail to obey it." (NLT)

"For all who have sinned apart from the law will also perish apart from the law, and all who have sinned under the law will be judged by the law." (NET)

This verse becomes the logical extension of the previous verse referring to God's impartiality.  There is much debate by the Biblical scholars as to the exact intention of the word "law."  The Greek word used here "anomos" and translated "without the" or "apart from" the law is the first occurrence of this word in Romans.  The root word, nomos, has a broad definition that would lead to different "senses" among which are: figurative (principle); generic (a law); reference to the OT; reference to the Mosaic law. (NET notes)  Therefore, context becomes ever important in determining the intent of the author.  In verse 15 Paul refers to the written upon the heart.  Nomos is used in Matthew 12:5, Luke 2:23-25, Luke 10:26, John 8:5, and John 8:17 to express the written law as the NLT conveys.  Then the written law is the standard and perishing (apollumi) is the result! Destruction not because of ignorance, but because of what we know!

G460
ανο?μως
anomo?s
Thayer Definition:
1) without the law, without the knowledge of the law
2) to sin in ignorance of the Mosaic law
3) live ignorant of law and discipline
Part of Speech: adverb

G3551
νο?μος
nomos
Thayer Definition:
1) anything established, anything received by usage, a custom, a law, a command
1a) of any law whatsoever
1a1) a law or rule producing a state approved of God
1a1a) by the observance of which is approved of God
1a2) a precept or injunction
1a3) the rule of action prescribed by reason
1b) of the Mosaic law, and referring, acc. to the context. either to the volume of the law or to its contents
1c) the Christian religion: the law demanding faith, the moral instruction given by Christ, especially the precept concerning love
1d) the name of the more important part (the Pentateuch), is put for the entire collection of the sacred books of the OT
Part of Speech: noun masculine

G622
απο?λλυμι
apollumi
Thayer Definition:
1) to destroy
1a) to put out of the way entirely, abolish, put an end to ruin
1b) render useless
1c) to kill
1d) to declare that one must be put to death
1e) metaphorically to devote or give over to eternal misery in hell
1f) to perish, to be lost, ruined, destroyed
2) to destroy
2a) to lose
Part of Speech: verb

Romans 2:11 - God's Justice is Impartial

Romans 2:11

"For there is no partiality with God." (NASB)
"For there is no respect of persons with God." (KJV)
"For God does not show favoritism." (NLT)
"For there is no partiality with God." (NET)

It would be easy to take this verse out of context and ascribe to it many attributes that, although laudable, may not be fitting.  This verse finds its definition in those the precede and antecede. For these verses speak of the attributes of God and the sin of humankind contrasted.  Most markedly of all I see that there is orderliness even in the wrath of God.  His justice respects no person. Rather we are judged according to the light that we see.  Notice the word that begins this verse and the three that follow is "for."  There is agreement in the translations because the key repeated word in the Greek text is "gar."  Therefore in whatever circumstance I find myself, I am judged by a perfect and holy God according to those circumstances and the result remains the same and the conclusion final.  "All have sinned!"  The Good News is that "All" have been invited to partake of the pardon offered in the person of the Lord Jesus Christ who paid the debt of my sin in full with His own blood, not as a result of anything that I did, could, or would do. Rather because of His mercy so that "none" could boast. So we are left to do like the grand old song, "I will glory in the Cross!"  May it ever be.

G1063
γα?ρ
gar
Thayer Definition:
1) for
Part of Speech: conjunction

Romans 2:10 - Glory, Honor and Peace

Romans 2:10

Rom 2:1-29

Two things are presented here with respect to God; His judgment against evil — the evil-doer shall not escape (the real difference of right and wrong would be maintained by judgment); and His mercy, patience, and long-suffering with regard to the evil-doer — His goodness inviting him to repentance. He who continued in evil deceived himself by trying to forget the sure judgment of God and by despising His goodness.  The consequences, both of a life opposed to God and to His truth on the one hand, and of the search after that which is pleasing to Him, and thereby for eternal life on the other, were sure — tribulation and anguish in the one case, in the other glory and Honor; and that without more respect to the Jews than to the Gentiles.

God judged things according to their true moral character, and according to the advantages which the guilty one had enjoyed.  [9] Those who had sinned without law should perish without law, and those who had sinned under the law should be judged according to the law, in the day when God should judge the secrets of the heart according to the gospel which Paul preached.  This character of the judgment is very important. It is not the government of the world by an earthly and outward judgment, as the Jew understood it, but that of the individual according to God's knowledge of the heart.

Also God would have realities.  The Gentile who fulfilled the law was better than a Jew who broke it. If he called himself a Jew and acted ill (Rom_2:17), he only dishonored God, and caused His name to be blasphemed among the Gentiles whilst boasting in his privileges.  He then enlarges on the point that God requires moral reality, and that a Gentile who did that which the law demanded was better worth than a Jew who disobeyed it, and that the real Jew was he who had the law in his heart, being circumcised also in the spirit, and not he who had only outward circumcision.  This was a condition which God could praise, and not man only.

Note #9
How strikingly this also brings out what so breaks everywhere through the doctrine of this epistle that everything is according to its reality before God, God being revealed through Christ and the cross.  All must take its true character and result according to what He was. Note moreover that the terms suppose gospel knowledge — "seek for glory, Honor, and incorruptibility." These are known by Christianity. 

"but glory and honor and peace to everyone who does good, to the Jew first and also to the Greek." NASB

"But glory, Honor, and peace, to every man that worketh good, to the Jew first, and also to the Gentile:" KJV

"But there will be glory and honor and peace from God for all who do good—for the Jew first and also for the Gentile." NLT

"but glory and honor and peace for everyone who does good, for the Jew first and also the Greek." NET

What a stark contrast to the previous verse.  From affliction and distress to blessing. Peace as opposed to tribulation.  Approbation to honor.  No wonder our hearts give thanks with every breath!  No wonder an eternal melody plays within our soul!  No wonder we can "walk and not faint."  What blessings abound in our lives that we can see and even more the blessings we cannot see nor even understand.  But even if there are no warm feelings of bliss the truth of God remains forever. All who believe on the Lord Jesus Christ are His.

But glory, honor, and peace - While the finally impenitent Jew and Gentile shall experience the fullest effects of the righteous indignation of the supreme Judge, even man that worketh good - that lives in a conscientious obedience to the known will of God, whether he be Jew or Gentile, shall have glory, honor, and peace; i.e. eternal blessedness.  Dr. Adam Clarke

But glory, Honor, and peace,.... Which are so many words for the everlasting happiness of the saints; which is a "crown of glory that fadeth not away" 1Peter 5:4); an Honor exceeding that of the greatest potentates upon earth, since such that enjoy it will be kings and priests, and sit with Christ on his throne to all eternity; and is a peace that passes all understanding: all which will be rendered

to every man that doth good, to the Jew first, and also to the Gentile; which none without Christ, and his grace, and by the strength of nature, does, or can do; not that good works are causes of salvation, but are testimonies of faith, and fruits of grace, with which salvation is connected, whether they be found in Jews or Gentiles; for neither grace nor salvation are peculiar to any nation, or set of people.  Dr. John Gill

But glory - Just opposite to "wrath," from the divine approbation. Honor - Opposite to "indignation," by the divine appointment; and peace now and for ever, opposed to tribulation and anguish.  John Wesley

Romans 2:09 - Calamity, evil's reward

Romans 2:9

Rom 2:1-29  Dr. John Darby
Two things are presented here with respect to God; His judgment against evil — the evil-doer shall not escape (the real difference of right and wrong would be maintained by judgment); and His mercy, patience, and long-suffering with regard to the evil-doer — His goodness inviting him to repentance.  He who continued in evil deceived himself by trying to forget the sure judgment of God and by despising His goodness.  The consequences, both of a life opposed to God and to His truth on the one hand, and of the search after that which is pleasing to Him, and thereby for eternal life on the other, were sure — tribulation and anguish in the one case, in the other glory and honour; and that without more respect to the Jews than to the Gentiles.

God judged things according to their true moral character, and according to the advantages which the guilty one had enjoyed.  [9] Those who had sinned without law should perish without law, and those who had sinned under the law should be judged according to the law, in the day when God should judge the secrets of the heart according to the gospel which Paul preached.  This character of the judgment is very important. It is not the government of the world by an earthly and outward judgment, as the Jew understood it, but that of the individual according to God's knowledge of the heart.

Also God would have realities.  The Gentile who fulfilled the law was better than a Jew who broke it.  If he called himself a Jew and acted ill (Rom 2:17), he only dishonoured God, and caused His name to be blasphemed among the Gentiles whilst boasting in his privileges.  He then enlarges on the point that God requires moral reality, and that a Gentile who did that which the law demanded was better worth than a Jew who disobeyed it, and that the real Jew was he who had the law in his heart, being circumcised also in the spirit, and not he who had only outward circumcision.  This was a condition which God could praise, and not man only.

Note #9
How strikingly this also brings out what so breaks everywhere through the doctrine of this epistle that everything is according to its reality before God, God being revealed through Christ and the cross.  All must take its true character and result according to what He was. Note moreover that the terms suppose gospel knowledge — "seek for glory, honour, and incorruptibility."  These are known by Christianity.

"There will be tribulation and distress for every soul of man who does evil, of the Jew first and also of the Greek," (NASB)

"Tribulation and anguish, upon every soul of man that doeth evil, of the Jew first, and also of the Gentile;" (KJV)

"There will be trouble and calamity for everyone who keeps on doing what is evil—for the Jew first and also for the Gentile." (NLT)

"There will be affliction and distress on everyone who does evil, on the Jew first and also the Greek," (NET)

Stenocho?ria: the pressed on every side kind of anguish.  This is a result of our contentious attitude toward God from verse 8.  This calamity is reaped by EVERYONE who does evil!  ALL inclusive!  Me included!  If you wonder about the source of the tribulation in this world, look no further than your own angry heart.  Saint Augustine says that with our enmity we wound our own soul!  Oh how wondrous is the Salvation that delivers us from God's wrath and our won enmity that kills us from within!

The recompense for sin is clearly given upon everyone. Sin has and effect that cannot be thwarted just like gravity. We might think we have eluded its effects but nevertheless it holds us fast. The first instance of the Jew mentioned in this chapter heads the list since they were blessed with greater privileges by knowing God's law having abused greater mercies.

Romans 2:08 - Selfish Ambition

Romans 2:8

Rom 2:1-16
The Jews thought themselves a holy people, entitled to their privileges by right, while they were unthankful, rebellious, and unrighteous.  But all who act thus, of every nation, age, and description, must be reminded that the judgment of God will be according to their real character.  The case is so plain, that we may appeal to the sinner's own thoughts. In every wilful sin, there is contempt of the goodness of God.  And though the branches of man's disobedience are very various, all spring from the same root.  But in true repentance, there must be hatred of former sinfulness, from a change wrought in the state of the mind, which disposes it to choose the good and to refuse the evil.  It shows also a sense of inward wretchedness. Such is the great change wrought in repentance, it is conversion, and is needed by every human being.  The ruin of sinners is their walking after a hard and impenitent heart.  Their sinful doings are expressed by the strong words, “treasuring up wrath.”  In the description of the just man, notice the full demand of the law.  It demands that the motives shall be pure, and rejects all actions from earthly ambition or ends.  In the description of the unrighteous, contention is held forth as the principle of all evil. The human will is in a state of enmity against God.  Even Gentiles, who had not the written law, had that within, which directed them what to do by the light of nature.  Conscience is a witness, and first or last will bear witness.  As they kept or broke these natural laws and dictates, their consciences either acquitted or condemned them.  Nothing speaks more terror to sinners, and more comfort to saints, than that Christ shall be the Judge.  Secret services shall be rewarded, secret sins shall be then punished, and brought to light.  Matthew Henry Concise Commentary

"but to those who are selfishly ambitious2052 and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, wrath and indignation." (NASB)

"But unto them that are contentious2052, and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, indignation and wrath," (KJV)

"But He will pour out His anger and wrath on those who live for themselves2052, who refuse to obey the truth and instead live lives of wickedness. (NLT)

"but wrath and anger to those who live in selfish ambition2052 and do not obey the truth but follow unrighteousness." (NET)

"I have come as a light to shine in this dark world, so that all who put their trust in Me will no longer remain in the dark.  I will not judge those who hear Me but don't obey Me, for I have come to save the world and not to judge it.  But all who reject Me and My message will be judged on the day of judgment by the truth I have spoken." John 12:46-48

"And I saw a great white throne and the One sitting on it.  The earth and sky fled from His presence, but they found no place to hide.  I saw the dead, both great and small, standing before God's throne.  And the books were opened, including the Book of Life.  And the dead were judged according to what they had done, as recorded in the books.  The sea gave up its dead, and death and the grave gave up their dead.  And all were judged according to their deeds.  Then death and the grave were thrown into the lake of fire.  This lake of fire is the second death.  And anyone whose name was not found recorded in the Book of Life was thrown into the lake of fire." Rev 20:11-15 NLT

"Then they will be condemned for enjoying evil rather than believing the truth." 2 Th 2:12 NLT

Dr. John Gill give us some interesting insight into the description of this first phrase wherein he describes those who would be disrupters within the church!  "But unto them that are contentious,.... This is a description of the other sort of persons to whom God will render according to their deeds, "who are of the contention"; who contend for victory, and not truth; strive about words to no profit; are quarrelsome, and sow discord among men, and in churches;" Once again the warning words of Jonathan Edwards ring in my ears where the resident terrorist walks freely within the body of Christ and delivers a great harm.

"For wherever there is jealousy and selfish ambition2052, there you will find disorder and evil of every kind." James 3:16 NLT

"The former proclaim Christ from selfish ambition2052, not sincerely, because they think they can cause trouble for me in my imprisonment." Phil 1:17 NET

"For I am afraid that somehow when I come I will not find you what I wish, and you will find me not what you wish. I am afraid that somehow there may be quarreling, jealousy, intense anger, selfish ambition2052, slander, gossip, arrogance, and disorder." 2 Cor 12:20 NET

What then is the attitude of my heart?  Do I serve Christ for all the wrong reasons?  Is my heart moved by the mercies of Christ?  Am I really in fellowship with Him?  Real fellowship with Christ is always the answer!  Yet the natural man is quarrelsome against the very person of God and chooses instead to obey unrighteousness. 

"Therefore, if there is any encouragement in Christ, any comfort provided by love, any fellowship in the Spirit, any affection or mercy, complete my joy and be of the same mind, by having the same love, being united in spirit, and having one purpose.  Instead of being motivated by selfish ambition2052 or vanity, each of you should, in humility, be moved to treat one another as more important than yourself." Phil 2:1-3 NET

2052 Thayer
εριθει?α
eritheia
Thayer Definition:
1) electioneering or intriguing for office
1a) apparently, in the NT a courting distinction, a desire to put one’s self forward, a partisan and fractious spirit which does not disdain low arts
1b) partisanship, fractiousness

G2052 Strong
εριθει?α
eritheia
er-ith-i'-ah
Perhaps from the same as G2042; properly intrigue, that is, (by implication) faction: - contention (-ious), strife.

A person’s habitual conduct, whether good or evil, reveals the condition of his heart.  Eternal life is not rewarded for good living; that would contradict many other Scriptures which clearly state that salvation is not by works, but is all of God’s grace to those who believe (e.g., Rom. 6:23; 10:9-10; 11:6; Eph. 2:8-9; Titus 3:5). A person’s doing good shows that his heart is regenerate.  Such a person, redeemed by God, has eternal life. Conversely a person who continually does evil and rejects the truth shows that he is unregenerate, and therefore will be an object of God’s wrath.

e.g. exempli gratia, for example
Walvoord, J. F., Zuck, R. B., & Dallas Theological Seminary. (1983-c1985). The Bible knowledge commentary : An exposition of the scriptures (Ro 2:7). Wheaton, IL: Victor Books.

Romans 2:07 - Patient Continuence

Romans 2:7

"to those who by perseverance5281 in doing good seek for glory and honor and immortality, eternal life;" (NASB)

"To them who by patient continuance5281 in well doing seek for glory and honour and immortality, eternal life:" (KJV)

"He will give eternal life to those who keep on5281 doing good, seeking after the glory and honor and immortality that God offers." (NLT)

"eternal life to those who by perseverance5281 in good works seek glory and honor and immortality," (NET)

G5281
υπομονη?
hupomone?
Thayer Definition:
1) steadfastness, constancy, endurance
1a) in the NT the characteristic of a man who is not swerved from his deliberate purpose and his loyalty to faith and piety by even the greatest trials and sufferings
1b) patiently, and steadfastly
2) a patient, steadfast waiting for
3) a patient enduring, sustaining, perseverance

Occurs 33 times in the NT: The KJV translates it 29-patience; 2-patient, 1 patient continuance; 1 enduring. It is associated with patience with circumstances as opposed to makrothumia that is associated with patience with people.

G3115
μακροθυμι?α
makrothumia
Thayer Definition:
1) patience, endurance, constancy, steadfastness, perseverance
2) patience, forbearance, longsuffering, slowness in avenging wrongs

Patient continuance - Who by perseverance in well doing, or in a good work.  It means that they who so continue, or persevere, in good works as to evince that they are disposed to obey the Law of God.  It does not mean those who perform one single act, but those who so live as to show that this is their character to obey God.  It is the uniform doctrine of the Bible that none will be saved but those who persevere in a life of holiness, Rev 2:10; Mat 10:22; Heb 10:38-39.  No other conduct gives evidence of piety but what continues in the ways of righteousness.  Nor has God ever promised eternal life to people unless they so persevere in a life of holiness as to show that this is their character, their settled and firm rule of action.  The words well doing here denote such conduct as shall be conformed to the Law of God; not merely external conduct, but that which proceeds from a heart attached to God and his cause.  Dr. Albert Barnes

"Don't be afraid of what you are about to suffer.  The devil will throw some of you into prison to test you. You will suffer for ten days.  But if you remain faithful even when facing death, I will give you the crown of life." Rev 2:10 NLT

"And all nations will hate you because you are My followers.  But everyone who endures to the end will be saved." Mat 10:22 NLT

"And My righteous ones will live by faith.  But I will take no pleasure in anyone who turns away.  But we are not like those who turn away from God to their own destruction.  We are the faithful ones, whose souls will be saved." Heb 10:38-39 NLT

Romans 2:06 - Deeds

Romans 2:6

As I ponder the righteous judgment of God that could have been rendered deservedly toward me, His magnificent Grace looms large and thankfulness soars in my heart!  Where would I be without Christ?  Forever lost!  Not one thing could I offer but a sin-stained life.  Grace is truly a love that stoops!

No matter who we are, God judges us by the light that has been given us.  When He looks at me, He sees the crimson flood that flows from the foot of the Calvary Cross where His only begotten Son suffered and died for my sins (for no reason, lest any man boast).

Tit 3:5 He saved us, not on the basis of deeds which we have done in righteousness, but according to His mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewing by the Holy Spirit, NASB

"who WILL RENDER591 TO EACH PERSON ACCORDING TO HIS DEEDS:" (NASB)

"Who will render591 to every man according to his deeds:" (KJV)

"He will judge591 everyone according to what they have done" (NLT)

"He will reward591 each one according to his works:" (NET)

G591 (Thayer)
αποδι?δωμι
apodido?mi
Thayer Definition:
1) to deliver, to give away for one’s own profit what is one’s own, to sell
2) to pay off, discharge what is due
2a) a debt, wages, tribute, taxes, produce due
2b) things promised under oath
2c) conjugal duty
2d) to render account
3) to give back, restore
4) to requite, recompense in a good or a bad sense

G591 (Strong)
αποδι?δωμι
apodido?mi
ap-od-eed'-o-mee
From G575 and G1325; to give away, that is, up, over, back, etc. (in various applications): - deliver (again), give (again), (re-) pay (-ment be made), perform, recompense, render, requite, restore, reward, sell, yield,

G591 (NASEC)
αποδι?δωμι
apodido?mi; from G575 and G1325; to give up, give back, return, restore: - account *(1), award (1), fulfill (2), gave...back (2), give (4), give back (1), given (1), giving (1), make some return (1), must (1), paid (3), pay (2), pay...back (1), pay back (3), render (6), repay (8), repayment to be made (1), repays (1), returning (1), reward (3), sold (3), yielding (1), yields (1).

"Alexander the coppersmith did me a great deal of harm. The Lord will repay him in keeping with his deeds." 2 Tim 4:14 NET

"and you, O Lord, demonstrate loyal love. For you repay men for what they do." Psa 62:12 NET

"If you say, "But we did not know about this," does not the one who evaluates hearts consider? Does not the one who guards your life know? Will he not repay each person according to his deeds?" Prov 24:12 NET

"For the Son of Man will come with his angels in the glory of his Father, and then he will reward each person according to what he has done." Mat 16:27 NET

"For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each one may be recompensed for his deeds in the body, according to what he has done, whether good or bad." 2Co 5:10 NASB

"(Look! I am coming soon, and my reward is with me to pay each one according to what he has done!" Rev 22:12

Who will render.  Sinners escape punishment for a time, and hence think they will escape altogether, but God will render, at the final day of judgment, to every man according to his works, whether he be sinner or saint, Jew or Gentile.  Dr. B.W. Johnson—The Peoples New Testament

Who will render to every man according to his deeds.  God will be the Judge, who is righteous, holy, just, and true; every man in particular will be judged; as the judgment will be general to all, it will be special to everyone, and will proceed according to their works; for God will render to wicked men according to the demerit of their sins, the just recompense of reward, eternal damnation; and to good men eternal life, not according to the merit of their good works, which have none in them, but according to the nature of them; such who believe in Christ, and perform good works from a principle of grace, shall receive the reward of the inheritance, which is a reward of grace, and not of debt. In other words, God will render to evil men according to the true desert of their evil deeds; and of his own free grace will render to good men, whom he has made so by his grace, what is suitable and agreeable to those good works, which, by the assistance of his grace, they have been enabled to perform.  Dr. John Gill

God judged things according to their true moral character, and according to the advantages which the guilty one had enjoyed.  Those who had sinned without law should perish without law, and those who had sinned under the law should be judged according to the law, in the day when God should judge the secrets of the heart according to the gospel which Paul preached.  This character of the judgment is very important. It is not the government of the world by an earthly and outward judgment, as the Jew understood it, but that of the individual according to God's knowledge of the heart.  Dr. John Nelson Darby

Who will render - That is, who will make retribution as a righteous Judge; or who will give to every man as he deserves.

To every man - To each one. This is a general principle, and it is clear that in this respect God would deal with the Jew as he does with the Gentile.  This general principle the apostle is establishing, that he may bring it to bear on the Jew, and to show that he cannot escape simply because he is a Jew.

According to his deeds - That is, as he deserves; or God will be just, and will treat every man as he ought to be treated, or according to his character.  The word “deeds” (erga) is sometimes applied to the external conduct.  But it is plain that this is not its meaning here. It denotes everything connected with conduct, including the acts of the mind, the motives, the principles, as well as the mere external act.  Our word character more aptly expresses it than any single word. It is not true that God will treat people according to their external conduct: but the whole language of the Bible implies that he will judge people according to the whole of their conduct, including their thoughts, and principles, and motives; that is, as they deserve.  The doctrine of this place is abundantly taught elsewhere in the Bible, Pro 24:12; Mat 16:27; Rev 20:12; Jer 32:19.  It is to be observed here that the apostle does not say that people will be rewarded for their deeds, (compare Luk 17:10,) but according to κατα? kata their deeds.  Christians will be saved on account of the merits of the Lord Jesus Christ, Tit 3:5, but still the rewards of heaven will be according to their works; that is, they who have labored most, and been most faithful, shall receive the highest reward, or their fidelity in their Master’s service shall be the measure or rule according to which the rewards of heaven shall be distributed, Mat. 25:14-29.  Thus, the ground or reason why they are saved shall be the merits of the Lord Jesus.  The measure of their happiness shall be according to their character and deeds.  On what principle God will distribute his rewards the apostle proceeds immediately to state.  Dr. Albert Barnes

Romans 2:05 -The Unrepentant Heart

Romans 2:5

"But because of your stubbornness and unrepentant heart you are storing up wrath for yourself in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God," NASB

"But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;" KJV

"But because you are stubborn and refuse to turn from your sin, you are storing up terrible punishment for yourself. For a day of anger is coming, when God's righteous judgment will be revealed." NLT

"But because of your stubbornness and your unrepentant heart, you are storing up wrath for yourselves in the day of wrath, when God's righteous judgment is revealed!" NET

See yesterday's post on Romans 2:4 for Repentance.

Penitence
PEN'ITENCE

PENITENCY, n. [L. poenitentia, from poeniteo, from poena, pain, punishment. See Pain.] Repentance; pain; sorrow or grief of heart for sins or offenses; contrition. Real penitence springs from a conviction of guilt and ingratitude to God, and is followed by amendment of life.
Penitent
PEN'ITENT, a. [L.poenitens.] Suffering pain or sorrow of heart on account of sins, crimes or offenses; contrite; sincerely affected by a sense of guilt and resolving on amendment of life.
Impenitence
IMPEN'ITENCE

IMPEN'ITENCY, n. [L. in and poenitens, from poeniteo, to repent, poena, pain.] Want of penitence or repentance; absence of contrition or sorrow for sin; obduracy; hardness of heart. Final impenitence dooms the sinner to inevitable punishment.

He will advance from one degree of impenitence to another.

Impenitent
IMPEN'ITENT, a. Not penitent; not repenting of sin; not contrite; obdurate; of a hard heart.

They died Impenitent.

IMPEN'ITENT, n. One who does not repent; a hardened sinner.

Penitence is the work of the Holy Spirit upon the heart that allows us to grieve over our sin in the same way He grieves because of it.  A word not used much these days in the politically correct world. However, the Word of God is NOT politically correct but rather sharp as a two edged sword that penetrates the very thoughts of man!  God does not need a slick marketing campaign, a prayer of Jabez, or 40 day of purpose! He is God! His wrath is real and should be feared.  His salvation is amazing beyond words and should be appreciated. But there is the hardness/stubbornness of heart that is at issue.  Apart from God's intervention we have no hope to overcome this hardness.  We ought to be asking Him each day to tear down the hardened walls of our hearts that we may know Jesus who is the author and finisher of our faith.

Romans 2:04 - God's Kindness Leads to Repentance

Romans 2:4

"Or do you think lightly of the riches of His kindness and tolerance and patience, not knowing that the kindness of God leads you to repentance?" (NASB)

"Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance?" (KJV)

"Don't you see how wonderfully kind, tolerant, and patient God is with you?  Does this mean nothing to you? Can't you see that His kindness is intended to turn you from your sin? " (NLT)

"Or do you have contempt for the wealth of his kindness, forbearance, and patience, and yet do not know that God's kindness leads you to repentance?" (NET)

Are you unaware that God will lead you home?  Instead you hold His longsuffering in utter contempt!

The word repentance occurs 24 times in the New Testament (Mat 3:8, Mat 3:11, Mat 9:13, Mar 1:4, Mar 2:17, Luk 3:3, Luk 3:8, Luk 5:32, Luk 15:7, Luk 24:47, Acts 5:31, Acts 11:18, Acts 13:24, Acts 19:4, Acts 20:21, Acts 26:20, Rom 2:4, 2Co 7:9-10 (2), 2Ti 2:25, Heb 6:1, Heb 6:6, Heb 12:17, 2Pe 3:9).  But what is this word that seems to have so many different meanings? Our good friend Dr. James Strong says:

μετα?νοια
metanoia
met-an'-oy-ah
From G3340; (subjectively) compunction (for guilt, including reformation); by implication reversal (of [another’s] decision): - repentance.

G3341
μετα?νοια
metanoia
Thayer Definition:
1) a change of mind, as it appears to one who repents, of a purpose he has formed or of something he has done

Compunction
COMPUNCTION, n. [L. To prick or sting.]

1. A pricking; stimulation; irritation; seldom used in a literal sense.

2. A pricking of heart; poignant grief or remorse proceeding from a consciousness of guilt; the pain of sorrow or regret for having offended God, and incurred his wrath; the sting of conscience proceeding from a conviction of having violated a moral duty.

He acknowledged his disloyalty to the king, with expressions of great compunction.

Our friend Noah Webster says that Repentance is:
Repentance
REPENT'ANCE, n.

1. Sorrow for any thing done or said; the pain or grief which a person experiences in consequence of the injury or inconvenience produced by his own conduct.

2. In theology, the pain, regret or affliction which a person feels on account of his past conduct, because it exposes him to punishment. This sorrow proceeding merely from the fear of punishment, is called legal repentance, as being excited by the terrors of legal penalties, and it may exist without an amendment of life.

3. Real penitence; sorrow or deep contrition for sin, as an offense and dishonor to God, a violation of his holy law, and the basest ingratitude towards a Being of infinite benevolence. This is called evangelical repentance, and is accompanied and followed by amendment of life.

Repentance is a change of mind, or a conversion from sin to God.

Godly sorrow worketh repentance to salvation. 2 Cor 7. Mat 3.

Repentance is the relinquishment of any practice, from conviction that it has offended God. 

John Bunyan:  The pilgrim's progress : From this world to that which is to come, delivered under the similitude of a dream, wherein is discovered the manner of his setting out, his dongerous journey, and safe arrival at the desired country.

Faith. Faithful
Chr. Christian
Man. the man

The Second Stage:
Man. God hath denied me repentance.  His word gives me no encouragement to believe; yea, himself hath shut me up in this iron cage: nor can all the men in the world let me out.  Oh eternity! eternity! how shall I grapple with the misery that I must meet with in eternity? 

The Fifth Stage:
Faith.  Say you so?  Then am I in this man greatly deceived.
Chr. Deceived! you may be sure of it. Remember the proverb, "They say, and do not;" but the kingdom of God is not in word, but in power.  Matt. 23:3; 1 Cor. 4:20.  He talketh of prayer, of repentance, of faith, and of the new birth; but he knows but only to talk of them.  I have been in his family, and have observed him both at home and abroad; and I know what I say of him is the truth.  His house is as empty of religion as the white of an egg is of savor.  There is there neither prayer, nor sign of repentance for sin; yea, the brute, in his kind, serves God far better than he.  He is the very stain, reproach, and shame of religion to all that know him, Rom. 2:24,25; it can hardly have a good word in all that end of the town where he dwells, through him.  Thus say the common people that know him, "A saint abroad, and a devil at home."  His poor family finds it so; he is such a churl, such a railer at, and so unreasonable with his servants, that they neither know how to do for or speak to him. Men that have any dealings with him say, It is better to deal with a Turk than with him, for fairer dealings they shall have at their hands.  This Talkative (if it be possible) will go beyond them, defraud, beguile, and overreach them.  Besides, he brings up his sons to follow his steps; and if he finds in any of them a foolish timorousness, (for so he calls the first appearance of a tender conscience,) he calls them fools and blockheads, and by no means will employ them in much, or speak to their commendation before others.  For my part, I am of opinion that he has, by his wicked life, caused many to stumble and fall; and will be, if God prevents not, the ruin of many more.


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